In this article, we will be covering the content related to Democracy, Constitution of India and Indian Government and Local self-government for grades 5-8Using this, the teacher will be able to achieve the following objectives:

  • Students will be able to define, summarize and compare different aspects of Indian Parliamentary System and Governance.
  • List down the various functions of the different strands of the government
  • Students will be able to discuss and debate on the various aspects of the Indian parliamentary system.

In this article, there are activities provided which will help the teacher impart the lesson in an effective manner. There are also links to certain videos that are self-explanatory and will add to the knowledge of the students.


To introduce the topic, the teacher can ask certain hook questions to the students to get them curious about what will be followed in the lesson. Some of these questions are as follows:

Q1: How would you feel if all your decisions were taken by someone? (eg. What to wear, what to eat etc.)

ESR: We won’t like it, we will have no freedom etc.

Q2: What do you think will happen if no rules existed and everyone is free to do what they want to do?

ESR: We would do whatever we feel like, we can go wherever we want. There might be some chaos since no one is following the rules

The teacher will now summarize the points and emphasize the importance of rules and regulations. This will lead to the discussion around the topic of governance.


Activity 1: Need of democracy


Watch this video and ask students to write two lines about their understanding of what has been shown.

After watching the video, the children can answer the following question:

Q: Define Dictatorship and Democracy and their difference in class.

Activity 2: Debate between dictatorship and democracy


1. Divide students to debate on dictatorship and democracy

               TEAM 1: For democracy and against dictatorship

               TEAM2: For dictatorship and against democracy

2. Put up charts in class of different groups and facilitate discussions

3. Ask students to summarize their learnings in 1 or 2 sentences.

Activity 3: Functioning of the organs of the government.

1. Ask students to be in groups of four/five
2. Ask them to write down points according to them how the three organs of Government functions in their own School System through a flow chart.


Create a student Parliament in Class/School:

  1. Ask students to make symbols to represent their specific role in school/class.
  2. Encourage students to campaign and follow the rules.
  3. Make a team which will act as the election commission.

Preparation: It would be great if the teacher can cover the three organs of the government before doing the activity.  

Social 1
The three organs of the Government


1. Understanding the Parliamentary System of India

This video can be shown to the students and this can be followed by asking specific questions.

Q: Draw flowchart in class for students to have an understanding of how Parliament in India functions. Start off with a simple flow chart (image below)

social 2
Flowchart of the functioning of the parliamentary system

Once the students understand the structure of the parliament the teacher can then move towards explaining their function using the flowchart given below (optional)

social 3
Flowchart Indian Parliamentary System

2. Understanding Indian Electoral process

Q: Draw the Lower house and Upper house of the parliament with the specifics of where the members come from.

Q: Draw the hierarchy in authority of the parliament.

Q: How is a Lok Sabha formed and where do the members come from? How does the hierarchy look like?

Q: How is a Lok Sabha formed and where do the members come from? How does the hierarchy look like?

Q: Ask students to make a detailed flow-chart of the levels of government and display it in class.

Q: Ask students to identify the level of government in their locality and find out the local names for the government and add it to the charts.

Q: The students can have a play around the election process and how the members are selected for the parliament. They can present it in the morning assembly. 


The below-mentioned Project works would help them to develop a clear understanding of Governance.

Project 1:

Give each student pair a pair of countries; one democratic and other following a different regime, and have them compare the two countries’ government and present their findings in class. The country pairs, for example, could be India-Pakistan, China-India, England-North Korea, India-USA (of different forms of government) etc.

Project 2:

Give a writing task in which the students have to imagine India without Democracy. Encourage them to read about countries which follow other regimes to write the same.

Project 3:

Have debates on the pros and cons of Democracy. Ask students to find out countries which are doing well without democracy and also find countries which are democratic but underdeveloped.  Ask students to provide examples to strengthen the debates. Student-activity club can conduct such seminars if they have one.


The chapter goes in sync with the syllabus and makes an effort to make children responsible citizens. The project works and activities would help the children to understand the concepts in a better way.


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