Behaviour Management Techniques

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Introduction

Behaviour management in a classroom is not a complex task, but a logical series of tactics that the teacher uses after understanding the needs of the class to encourage and motivate positive classroom behavior.

We will be discussing a few techniques that the teacher can use to her benefit within the classroom:

Call and Response

Call and response is a time-tested technique for getting the attention of the students in the classroom. Instead of the teacher calling out to children multiple times, the students respond to a fun or inspiring statement.It is common to find students drift away during lessons. Call and response is a good technique for the students to bring them back to task. The statement or the action is usually contextual or something that the student can connect to and can react spontaneously. It should also be a quick one or two line statement. For eg: Something like where the teacher says,”One, two”, the children immediately respond by saying,”Eyes on you”.

It  takes time to keep the technique going in class but once the students are acquainted to the technique the students react to it instantly

Why?

Call and response is a good technique to bring the students back on task. It is common to find students to drift away during lessons. This saves the time of the teacher to get all their attention to their task.

How?

  1. Introduce the line to the students
  2. Give them explicit instruction
  3. Ask the students to repeat after you
  4. Do multiple demos

Things to keep in mind:

  1. Consistency is key to make this technique successful. The teacher should make sure that she practices the technique over and over again until the students have mastered the technique
  2. The teacher can use multiple call and responses in the classroom, but it is highly recommended to initially introduce it one at a time
  3. The teacher should not repeat the statement more than 3 times.
  4. The teacher should use a statement or an action that the students are familiar with
  5. The call and response should be a quick statement or an action ( not more than 2 sentences)

Examples:

  1. 1..2..   Eyes on you
  2. Hocus Pocus…. Everybody focus
  3. Hands on top… everybody stop
  4. Marco… polo
  5. Class class… yes yes
  6. Zip it, lock it… in my pocket
  7. Hakuna… matata
  8. Mahendra.. Bahubali
  9. Sarabhai… OH OH
  10. If you can hear me clap once… twice..

Videos:

 

 

Energisers

One often encounters student energy dropping in the classroom that reflects on their participation and performance within in the classroom. Kids, in general, have an attention span of not more than 10 minutes at a stretch, therefore, it is important to give them a stretch break every now and then using fun actions or songs.

Why?

Energisers help to break the monotony in the classroom. It helps students be more attentive and also make the class fun.

How?

  1. Introduce the action or the song to the students
  2. Give them explicit instruction
  3. Ask the students to repeat after you
  4. Do multiple demos

Things to keep in mind:

  1. The energizer should not be more than a minute
  2. Don’t use more than 1 in a class
  3. Make it contextual to the students
  4. Eventually, let the students lead the energizer

Videos:

Calmers:

Very often teachers find it difficult to calm the classroom after a  high energy class (activity period, games or lunch break) and tend to lose patience and resort to shouting or punishing the students. This also demotivates the teacher to include activities in her lesson as this might lead to a disrupted and disturbed classroom.Therefore calmers are used to get a high energy classroom back on task.

Why?

Calmers help the teacher to get the class back on task without having to shout or spend a lot of energy,  The students are also not intimidated and it creates a positive learning environment.

How?

  1. Introduce the line to the students
  2. Give them explicit instruction
  3. Ask the students to repeat after you
  4. Do multiple demos

Things to keep in mind:

  1. Consistency is key to make this technique successful. The teacher should make sure that she practices the technique over and over again until the students have mastered the technique
  2. The teacher can use multiple calmers in the classroom, but it is highly recommended to initially introduce it one at a time
  3. The teacher should not repeat the statement more than 3 times.
  4. The teacher should use a statement or an action that the students are familiar with
  5. The call and response should be a quick statement or an action ( not more than 2 sentences)

Examples:

  1. Backward Counting: I want everyone to be seated in 5..4..3..2..1.
  2. Close your eyes and breath
  3. Meditation with soothing music

 

More resources:

  1. Cornerstone for teachers
  2. Creativity in the modern class
  3. Edutopia
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