How to start with phonics?

Now, we are aware of what is phonics and why we need it but the Big question still remains “How do we go about it?” Don’t worry, we have the solution for that too. 

Where to start?

Well, taking the brick reference again, one needs to know the sound of each letter sound in order to read and write a word. For this, one of the most effective ways is the use of Phonics song. 

Playing it for child on a regular basis not only helps them connect the sounds to the name of the letter but also establishes the visual connect as well since they see the letter sign as well with it. And the best part is that they love learning because it’s a song.

One of the helpful tips is to connect the song with actions, like creating an action for cat. Try doing with your children and I bet you will have a hard time getting the song out of your head! ☺

Follow-up activities for letter sound recognition:

  • Listening and recognizing for sounds: Play the Phonics song 3-4 times in the initial classes and steadily reducing it to once per class towards the end of the lesson Phonic Sounds. The video is very descriptive using colourful visuals that are catchy to the eyes.
  • After 3 classes, the teacher can play the video on mute and ask the learners to sing along. Ensure they respond to every symbol accurately. Make corrections if they make errors.
  • Giving appropriate examples from their immediate surroundings for every phonic sound will help the learner remember the individual sound and differentiate between two sounds. For example: the teacher can use classroom objects like Table, Duster, Board, Fan, Bag, etc. ensure that you use only the initial sound of the examples you pick.

    Fig: Worksheet that can be used  to teach phonics
  • Make a descriptive chart with columns for phonic sound, symbol, examples and rows indicating different sounds. You can paste it in the classroom and make the students go through it and their drilling will help them practice. A sample of the same is here.
  • Once the learners are introduced to different sounds, they have to learn to recognize them in different words. This can be done through simple activities.
  • Placards can be made using colourful chart papers for individual alphabets that can be written on them. A picture of a word, for example- A for apple can be pasted on the placard. The teacher can show these to the learners and picking responses until the correct sound is obtained. Once the sound is recognised, the teacher can repeat the sound /a/ /a/ apple and make the class drill the same for at least three times. This activity will ensure the practice of the individual sound utterances.

    Fig 2: Phonics chart that can be used in the class

Other resources for practice

This is another example of phonics song that can be used in the class.

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