Blends

What are they?

Blending is the process of saying the individual sounds in a word the running them together to make the word. It is a technique every learner will need to learn, and practice can make the learning better. Sound blending is the ability to build words from individual sounds by blending the sounds together in sequence. For example, the learner blends the sounds /m/, /o/, /m/ to form the word mom.

 

Why?

This process plays an important role while the learner is learning to read. In the previous class, the learner has learned to recognize and identify the relevant sound symbol. To start with, the teacher can sound out the word and see if a learner can hear it, giving the answer if necessary. Some learners take longer than others to hear this. The sounds must be said quickly to hear the word. It is easier if the first sound is said slightly louder. Try little and often with words like b-u-s, t-o-p, c-a-t and h-e-n.

How do we start about?

As we are following the Katelyn’s Phonic Progression, we will be following an order. To look up to it, click on the link-(insert link here-Phonic Progression). This order is not only easy for the learners, but enhances step by step teaching for the teacher.

Examples

Strategies to be used

-The teacher can start off by explaining what blends actually are, by writing them on the board. While the teacher writes these symbols on the board, the learners must say the sound of the individual sounds followed by the blended sounds.

This video link is a visual demonstration of the ‘S’ blend sounds and their examples. It is by Alan Smith on YouTube. The teacher can play this video in the class and ask the learners to repeat after the video. Make clear instructions to keep pin drop silence in the class as listening every sound is important. This video gives the sound along with uttering it multiple times followed by relevant examples. Ask the learners if they could give more examples for the same.

This is another video demonstration by Muffin Songs on YouTube. This is for the ‘R’ blends.

Make a chart for blends
The teacher can use the following example of ‘R’ Blends chart. The learner needs to identify the image and utter the blend sounds. They have to pick the correct option from the provided and fill in the blanks.

image00
Image Courtesy: https://in.pinterest.com/tbfrazier/blends-and-digraphs/

Games

-The Apple Tree
The Apple Tree game is simple and can be played in a cost effective way. The learners will engage in a task-based activity wherein they have to attach the right fruits to the right tree. The teacher can cut out a tree using brown and green colored card paper and then write on blend family on it. For example, ‘R’ blends. They learners have to attach the correct apple fruits have the ‘R’ blends written on them. This activity can be followed by other blend families too.

image01
Image Courtesy: http://tjhomeschooling.blogspot.in/2016/09/r-blends.html

-Board Game
Board games can be really fun to play. You can add dice and make the game multiplayer. Given below is an example of ‘L’ blend words. The game has a start and end point and the learner moves his/her counter as per the count of the dice throw. The learner has to identify the word and the blend sounds should be uttered loudly. Add number of players by adding more counters and make the game more fun.

image03
Image Courtesy: https://in.pinterest.com/pin/212935888608049135/

End Blends
This chart can be made very simply by adding an object and giving out four options to the learners. The learners will then identify the object and say its name. they have to recognize the end blends and tick the right option. Make several such worksheets will help the learners practice blends.

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Image Courtesy: https://www.education.com/worksheet/article/end-blends/

 

Online games
1. This link is to an online game called Java Games by QUIA. It is a simple matching game, where the learner has to match the appropriate examples of blends to each other. Make sure that the learners are saying the words loudly and uttering each blend sound.


2. This link is to another online game by QUIA. It is a concentration game, which uses the memory of the learner in order to match the appropriate examples of blends to each other. Emphasize that the learners say the words loudly and uttering each blend sound.

Videos

This video is for learning ‘L’ and ‘R’ blends by Alist Epublic on YouTube. The repetitive playing of the video can help the learners get a hold on the given examples. The teacher can expand the video session by pitching in more related examples.

This video is for learning ‘S’ blends by Alist Epublic on YouTube. Play the video on repeat so that the learners get a hold on the given examples. The teacher can expand the video session by pitching in more related examples. Ask the learners if they can think of any examples themselves.

This video is by Mr Thorne Network on YouTube, which is about three letter ‘S’ blends.

References

https://www.facebook.com/Planningplaytime/?hc_ref=NEWSFEED&fref=nf

http://tjhomeschooling.blogspot.in/2016/09/r-blends.html

https://www.education.com/worksheet/article/end-blends/

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